Develop readiness for learning/mental math activity: (5 min. 2 or 3 times a week)
Review- check homework together, answer questions and work out problems missed by many (10 min.)
State 1 objective per lesson each day
Introduce new material (25-35 min.):

  • Demonstration/modeling
  • Hands on/manipulatives
  • Partner math/group work (cooperative learning

Independent practice of several (3-5) problems
Check by oral response, teacher observation, partner check, etc. (5-10 min.)
Summation by either teacher or student (1-2 min.)
Homework-(except Friday*) (5-10 min.)
Suggestions: Assign quality (or a variety of) problems rather than a large quantity. Also, allow a few minutes for students to begin the assignment to ensure understanding of the new concept.
*Fridays are used for reinforcement, review of weekly or cumulative material, not to introduce a new concept. Friday activities may include math relays, timed tests, quizzes, games, etc.
Students are divided into 2 -5 teams (at least 4 members per team). Each member takes a turn representing his/her team at the board. The teacher gives a problem orally and one member of each team works the problem on the board simultaneously. The first person to finish with the correct answer wins a point for their team.
The second team member goes to the board and the game continues.
These are used for one basic operation per test (addition, subtraction, multiplication, or division). Provide
3-5 minutes per test, depending on the number of problems (25-50) and how long the students have been working with that operation. Decrease the amount of time as the skill level improves.
The importance of using and teaching the appropriate vocabulary cannot be overemphasized. Keeping a math notebook is one way to handle this. The students use the notebook to work their homework and to "take notes". The vocabulary words can be marked with tabs or with the sticky dots on the edge of the page and turned back. Teacher use and student use of the vocabulary on a consistent basis is a must.